Inada N1, Fukuda N2, Hayashi T3, Uchiyama S4.
1Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University
2Brain Research Institute, Niigata University
3Department of Nutrition, Koshien University
4Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo
Temperature is one of the most important of the physiological parameters that determine the biological status of living organisms. However, intracellular temperature was not imaged at the single-cell level until recently because of the lack of a molecular thermometer that can be applied to living cells. We have recently developed a method for imaging intracellular temperature using a cationic linear fluorescent polymeric thermometer (FPT) and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). The cationic linear FPT exhibits cell permeability in various mammalian cell lines and yeast cells, entering live cells within 10 min of incubation. Intracellular thermometry using the cationic linear FPT and FLIM can be used to image temperature with high temperature resolution (0.3-1.29 °C within a temperature range of 25-35 °C). The diffuse intracellular localization of the cationic linear FPT allows a high spatial resolution (i.e., the light microscope's diffraction limit, 200 nm), enabling the detection of temperature distributions at the subcellular level. This protocol, including the construction of a calibration curve and intracellular temperature imaging, requires ~14 h. Experience in handling cultured mammalian cells and use of a confocal laser-scanning microscope (CLSM) is required.
*Reprinted by permission from the licensor.